10 Step Cannabis Growing Guide

10-Step Quick Start Guide

by Nebula Haze

Skip Intro & Take Me Straight to 10-Step Cannabis Grow Guide

Your Growing Cannabis Information Kit

Cannabis legalization is spreading like wildfire across the US and in many countries around the world. Many people are finally allowed to legally grow their own supply of cannabis!

Are you ready to start growing?

Growing cannabis can seem like it’s complicated, but often it seems that way because you haven’t given the right information. A lot of people unintentionally make growing harder than it needs to be.

This cannabis growing guide will help you discover the best way to grow cannabis, for your unique situation.

Find a grow style for…

  • Your grow space
  • Your budget
  • Your desired yields

Growing cannabis plants is actually pretty straightforward, and almost anyone with a few extra minutes a day and a spare closet or a garden in the back yard can grow their own professional-quality buds at home.

About My History With Growing

As a California medical marijuana patient and regular toker, I started growing cannabis in my closet in 2004 under a few CFLs for about $300.

Now I grow with a much bigger setup, but I very successfully grew cannabis on a tiny shoestring budget for years before I could invest in better growing equipment.

I’ve learned that as long as I put the time into growing, I save a bundle of money compared to trying to buy, and I always have a constant safe supply of potent medical cannabis.

In 2010, I helped put together GrowWeedEasy.com with another grower named Sirius Fourside to teach other people how to grow their own buds, too.

One of my first gardens – it cost about $300 to get started

Nebula Haze tending the garden

What does a cannabis plant need to thrive?

In order to thrive and grow, every cannabis plant needs:

  1. Light – whether you’re using sunlight or grow lights, you must understand the light needs of a cannabis plant to get the best bud quality & yields
  2. Growing Medium – the stuff your plants grow in; soil isn’t your only choice
  3. Air – a well-ventilated space with good air exchange and a slight breeze is best
  4. Temperature – Of course it’s not always possible to control the temps perfectly. A good rule of thumb for cannabis plants is if it feels way too hot for you, it’s probably too hot for your plants. And just like humans, cannabis plants can die if exposed to freezing temps.
  5. Nutrients – you can buy pre-formulated nutrients that you just add to your water, or you can compost your own super soil so that it already includes all the nutrients you need
  6. Water – like all plants, cannabis needs water to survive, learn exactly what you need to know below.Is my tap water “good enough” for growing cannabis?

When growing cannabis indoors or outdoors, you will need to ensure that it gets the proper amount of all 6 of these resources.

A healthy cannabis leaf - click for closeup!

How long does it take to grow cannabis?

If you planted a cannabis seed today, when is the soonest you could be actually smoking your harvest? Probably about 8.5 weeks.

Indoor grows tend to be shorter than outdoor grows since you have more control over when the plant starts budding. Auto-flowering grows also tend to be very short. But with shorter grows, you also tend to get smaller yields. Certain strains, and certain outdoor grows can take up to 7 months or more.

On average, I’d say it takes a grower about 4 months to grow, harvest and cure their own buds.

Learn more about how long it takes to grow cannabis

A sundial shows the time - how much time does it take to grow a cannabis plant?

Don’t Make the 2 Most Common Growing Mistakes!

  1. One of the most common mistakes by new growers is conducting spur-of-the-moment experiments that hurt or possibly even kill their plants. Always take a second to google your idea before you try it. Luckily when it comes to growing, chances are someone has tried it already!
  2. The next most common problem new growers have is the tendency to skip crucial steps like understanding about light schedules, or why root pH levels are important for reducing nutrient deficiencies. While you can get lucky and succeed at growing weed without taking these steps, you are a lot more likely to end up with plants that are sickly or die. Make sure you follow all the steps listed in this guide – you deserve to harvest your own top-quality buds.



10-Step Beginner’s Guide to Growing Cannabis



Step 1: Choose Where You Will Grow (Indoors or Outdoors)

Click for closeup of marijuana buds grown indoorsIndoor Growing

Growing indoors is much more private than growing outdoors and gives you more control over your grow.

An indoor cannabis grow can be surprisingly cheap to get started and maintain, especially if you plan on growing just a few plants.

Take a look at a few completed indoor grow journals to get an idea of how much you can expect to get for yields in different types of indoor setups.

You have more control over everything in an indoor growing environment, which means that indoor growers can consistently produce dank buds, but you also have more responsibility. If you don’t provide everything your plants need, they will die.

What space works best?

You can grow cannabis most anywhere with easy access to water and fresh air…

  • a spare room
  • a closet
  • garage
  • grow tent
  • extra bathroom
  • even the inside of a computer case!
    (though I recommend a Space Bucket instead ūüôā

When thinking about where to grow indoors, you should also consider the temperature of your grow space (and remember your temps will likely rise once you have your grow lights running!).

A thermometer - Temperature is important when growing cannabis indoorsYoung growing cannabis plants grow fastest when temps a bit warmer, in the 70-85¬įF (20-30¬įC) range.

When plants are a bit older, in the budding/flowering stage, it’s best to keep temps slightly cooler, around¬†65-80¬įF (18-26¬įC) to produce buds with the best color, trichome production and smell.

Because temps are so important, it’s best to be able to have some amount of control over the temperature of your grow area. When growing indoors, your grow lights will give off heat. The more powerful your lights, generally the more heat they give off.

If you want to install a lot of bright lights in a small space, you will likely have to install an air conditioner in addition to your exhaust sytem to make sure you keep your temps in the right range.

If you’re growing just a few plants in a grow tent or box, usually you can install a fan to pull hot air away from the hot lights and out a window to keep things cool enough.

Some lights tend to cause more heat problems than others, and we’ll help you find the right lights for your space in Step 2.

The silhouette of an outdoor cannabis plant growing under the sunGrowing Outdoors is cheaper to get started since you probably don’t have to get grow lights or create an indoor grow area, though you will have to worry about privacy/stealth, possible pollination, people stealing your plants, bugs, deer and other unexpected outdoor visitors.

If you pick the right strain and live in a good environment, it will possibly be cheaper to grow outdoors, since you don’t have to provide everything for your plants. The sun will do a lot of the work for you.

Of course when you’re growing outside, it’s not always possible to control the environment perfectly. If it’s dry, you will need to water your plants. If it’s too rainy, you need to protect your plants from getting overwatered.

When it comes to temperatures, a good rule of thumb about cannabis plants is if it’s too hot for you, it’s probably too hot for your plants. And just like humans, cannabis plants can die if exposed to freezing temps.

So if you know it’s going to be extremely hot or cold where you live, you may need to take extra steps to protect your plants from the elements, like setting up a small greenhouse.

Learn more about the difference between growing cannabis indoors vs outdoors


Step 2: Choose Your Grow Light – What kind of light do you need to grow cannabis successfully?

Generally speaking, when growing marijuana, More Light = More BudsThere’s lots of different grow lights for cannabis, including:

  • The Sun
  • Compact Fluorescent Light bulbs (CFLs)
  • Other Fluorescent Lighting (T5 / T8)
  • LED grow lights
  • Metal Halide (MH)
  • High Pressure Sodium (HPS)

The Sun – When you’re growing with the sun, you need to make sure that your plants are getting at least 8+ hour of direct sunlight each day for the best results.

It’s best that your plants get direct sunlight at least from 10am-4pm, and more light is better. Because of the high light needs of the cannabis plant (it needs more light than many other types of plants), it is not well suited to growing in a window (though I’ve seen plenty of growers start their seeds in sunny windows before moving their plants to a more suitable final location).

CFLs – Beginners often start small indoor grows with CFL bulbs, since they’re cheap and easy to get a hold of, though they lack the power of dedicated grow lights. In fact, growing with CFLS is what I did my first grow. Learn more about growing with CFLs.

Other Fluorescent Lighting РThese lights are traditionally made for plants that need lower light intensity than cannabis. If you do get other fluorescent lighting, I recommend sticking with a High-Output T5  lights since the high-output T5 bulbs are the brightest grow lamps in this group. Even so, I generally recommend changing to stronger grow lights for the cannabis flowering stage unless you domajor plant training (to keep plants very short) since these lights have a short light brightness range and must be kept very close to the tops of your plants. Learn more about other fluorescent lighting.

LED grow lights for growing cannabisLED grow lights – LEDs are more powerful than CFLs and other fluorescent lighting, but they are also much more expensive. In fact, currently LEDs are probably the most expensive type of grow light you can buy. LED grow lights can work great for growing cannabis, but there are lots of unscrupulous LED sellers out there trying to make a quick buck, so you need to make sure you buy LEDs from a company that you can trust. I believe LEDs have their place in the grow world, and in the future (when they are more standardized) I think they will be a great choice for beginners. But at this time I believe the technology is still a bit too new for first-time growers and may just cause unnecessary confusion. Each LED model is different, and needs to be kept a different distance away from your plants. It’s hard to find any “standard” advice about growing with LEDs unless you find a dedicated cannabis LED grower and follow everything they do using the same model of light. Learn more about LED grow lights.

Click for more information about HPS grow lightMetal Halide & High Pressure Sodium – Also known as “HID” lights, MH/HPS grow lights (like the combination light pictured to the right) are the “golden standard” for growing cannabis indoors. They are surprisingly cheap to buy and set up, especially considering how incredibly powerful they are. HID lights work very well for growing cannabis, and produce consistently good results indoors. However, the higher wattage HID lights tend to run hot and can leave a big mark on your electricity bill, so you want to make sure you’re getting the exact right lights for your space – you don’t want to be paying for more light than you really need. See a recent grow we did with 2 plants under a 600W HID grow light. Learn more about HID grow lights.

Get a detailed breakdown of all the different types of cannabis grow lights

Hint: Still feeling stuck? Choose your grow type based on your starting cost…


Step 3: Choose Your Growing Medium

Each growing medium that you can use has different care and watering requirements.

Young cannabis seedling growing in rich soil in a person's hands

These are the most common grow mediums:

  • Soil – grow in organic composted super soil for the best results, or start with the popular Fox Farms Ocean Forest soil mix (FFOF already contains enough nutrients to last the first month or two of your young plant’s life)
  • Soilless Mix – anything besides soil including coco coir, perlite, vermiculite, etc (all soilless mixes are technically considered hydroponic growing since there’s no soil)
  • Lots of bubbles make cannabis roots happy in hydroponicsDirectly in Water / Hydroponics – Get some of the fastest growth and biggest yields possible, especially when combined with HID grow lights – these days I personally grow using a top-fed DWC system
  • Less Common Types of Hydro – Some people grow with plant roots suspended in misted air (aeroponics) or in a tank with fish (aquaponics), but these are relative less common for cannabis growers.

If you’re certain you’d like to grow with soil, but for some reason you can’t compost your own, I recommend starting with the popular Fox Farms Ocean Forest (FFOF) soil mix since it’s already supplemented with plenty of nutrients that work well for young cannabis plants.

Composted super soil is rich with all the stuff your cannabis plants loveIf you’re having a tough time deciding on a grow medium, you might want to think about starting with a mix of coco coir and perlite. It’s easy and low-maintenance. That’s how I got started growing (with CFLs as grow lights). Growing with coco coir can be a good choice for beginners because it’s cheap, holds water well, and doesn’t have as many of the problems associated with soil (bugs, root problems, etc). Yet since it’s hand-watered, it’s intuitive and has a lot of the ease of soil growing.

I’ve heard many people recommend against growing cannabis hydroponically for your first time because it’s “too complicated,” yet I’ve seen growers succeed at every grow type even on their very first grow. If you really want to grow hydroponically, I recommend you don’t waste your time doing something else first. If you’re passionate about hydroponic growing and do your research before you get started, there’s no reason you won’t be able to do incredibly well your first time. Read our bubbleponics tutorial to see how GrowWeedEasy.com co-creator Sirius got started growing cannabis with top-fed DWC on his very first grow.

Learn more about different grow types here


Step 4: Choose Your Nutrients

Soil growers – unless you’ve growing with composted super soil, you will need to get cannabis nutrientsmade for soil to make sure your plants produce at their best. Even if you started with an amended soil like FFOF, you will still need to start adding nutrients once you reach the flowering/budding stage as cannabis plants are heavy feeders and your plants will have already used up most of the nutrients in the soil by the time budding begins.

Soilless & Hydroponic growers – If you are growing in any medium besides soil, like a soilless mix or directly in water, you will want to get cannabis nutrients specifically made for hydroponics. Some nutrients are even more specific, like Canna Coco is formulated to work best growing weed in Coco Coir. For hydronic grows, I highly recommend the General Hydroponics Nutrient Trio – here’s the cannabis-friendly GH trio nutrient schedule I use with my cannabis plants.

One nutrient system to rule them all…

Dyna-Gro "Grow" is a proven cannabis nutrient optionLooking for a suggestion? One of the simplest (yet inexpensive) nutrient systems that works extremely well for beginning cannabis growers is Dyna-Gro (Grow, Bloom)

Dyna-Gro can be used at half-strength in soil, water, coco coir, or anygrowing medium and works amazing well for growing cannabis. It does not build up salt in your growing medium like many other inexpensive fertilizers, and it will never clog your hydroponic system.

Just use the “Grow” bottle during the Vegetative stage and the “Bloom” bottle during the Flowering stage. You can actually follow the instructions on the bottle. It’s super simple.

Like all nutrient systems, avoid starting at full strength or it can burn your plants! Learn more aboutnutrient burn. Only raise the dosage if you notice that your lower leaves are turning yellow and falling off (except in the last 2-4 weeks before harvest, when yellowing lower leaves is a natural part of the budding process)

Learn more about cannabis-friendly nutrient systems

Is my tap water “good enough” for growing cannabis?

Before I address pH, let’s talk about the “hardness” of your water. How much extra “stuff” (like minerals and/or impurities) is contained in your regular tap water? You can contact your local water supplier¬†for more information (ask for a “municipal water report”), or you can test the PPM of your water at home. Generally as long as your water has less than 200-300 PPM (parts per millions) of extra stuff, it should be okay to use it for growing. If you are worried about the quality of your tap water, you can choose to use purified or Reverse Osmosis (RO) water, but you may then¬†need to add extra Cal-Mag and possibly a few other supplements to help make up for the random minerals and nutrients that are normally found in tap water. I’ve personally always grown with straight tap water (in a big city in California¬†with a natural PPM around 370, which is pretty high), and I’ve never had a problem. However, some places have very hard water, or tap water with unacceptable impurities,¬†and growers in these areas will likely need to use purified water to get the best results.


Step 4B: Nutrients, continued: The Importance of Root pH

It’s important to maintain the pH of your root environment to prevent nutrient problems.

The easiest way to do that is to test the pH of your water before you water your plants or add water to your reservoir.

There are certain types of grows (such as when growing cannabis in organic composted super soil) where you don’t need to test your pH unless you run into problems. This is because with a properly composted super soil, you actually have microbial life living in the soil that will take care of the pH and hand-deliver the nutrients to the roots for you. However, this is a rare exception to the pH testing rule, and almost all growers need to regularly test and maintain pH for a successful grow. If you’re not growing in super soil that you have amended and composted yourself, testing and maintaining pH is a MUST.

Some growers will always get lucky and successfully grow weed without testing the pH of their water, but most people who don’t test for pH will start seeing signs of nutrient deficiencies and other nutrient problems.

If the pH at the plant roots is too high or too low, your plants won’t be able to absorb nutrients properly

Even if plants do fine in the vegetative stage, cannabis plants tend to be more picky and prone to problems in the flowering/budding stage. Many growers have written in to tell me they got all the way to the flowering stage without testing pH, then were surprised that they start running into nutrient problems as soon as the plants start budding. In order to make sure this doesn’t happen to you, it’s important to get in the habit of testing pH right from the beginning!

Even if the right amounts of nutrients are present, your cannabis plants simply cannot absorb them if the pH isn’t in the correct range.

It’s actually really easy, quick, and cheap to learn how to check and adjust the pH of your water, and there are “pH test kits” specifically made for this purpose.

After you get the hang of it, checking and adjusting the pH and will take you less than 5 minutes each time you water your plants. And your results (monster yields with huge buds and healthy plants) speak for themselves.

Soil: Maintain 6.0 – 7.0 pH
Hydroponics: Maintain 5.5 – 6.5 pH

Getting the pH exactly right isn’t nearly as important as checking regularly and making sure it stays within these ranges.

Click here for more information on pH testing.


Step 5: Get Your Cannabis Plants (& Choose Your Strain)

For those growers lucky enough to know other cannabis growers in real life, getting plants is usually pretty simple. Many cannabis collectives and dispensaries will happily sell you clones or seeds. A great advantage of purchasing clones or seeds from a trusted source is that you know you can trust the genetics you are receiving.

Starting with seeds vs clones

Yet many people do not know any other growers in real life. For these soon-to-be growers, the best option is to purchase cannabis seeds online from a breeder or seed bank.

Surprising Fact: No one in the US has ever gone to jail or prison from simply ordering cannabis seeds online.

When ordering cannabis seeds online, It is important to research all applicable laws in your area regarding purchasing and possessing cannabis seeds. Just because a cannabis seed bank or breeder is willing to ship to your location doesn’t necessarily mean that it is legal for you to have possession of seeds at your location.

Please be smart, and take a look at this list of safety precautions to make sure that if you do decide to order seeds, your seed order goes without a hitch.

What do I do?

I have been successfully ordering cannabis seeds from overseas since I started growing in 2004, and the seeds have always made it to me every single time (though occasionally seeds get lost and need to be resent, or they take a bit longer to arrive than expected).

Because of where I live, I just haven’t had access to get trusted clones from other growers, so I had to order my own seeds in order to get started growing.

These days I order seeds all the time from my favorite venders and breeders because it’s so nice to have a huge selection of strains to pick from every time I start a new grow.

If you check the sites of different seed venders regularly for a while, you’ll see that most venders will occasionally run big sales with lots of great deals on amazing strains. Just remember that shipping times tend to be a lot longer if you order during a big sale, so you may want to keep that in mind when planning your growing timeline.

If you have done your research and are considering purchasing cannabis seeds online, then you may be surprised to learn that it is actually very reliable and safe to buy your cannabis seeds online from a reputable seed bank.

Get Seeds – View a list of tested & trusted seed vendors: http://growweedeasy.com/seeds

Get Clones – You need to know someone with live female cannabis plants if you want to get clones. Many cannabis dispensaries and collectives will sell clones to prospective growers, or you might know someone who can give you a clone. Learn what you need to do to take clones from a “Mother” plant here:http://growweedeasy.com/complete-guide-cloning-marijuana


Auto-flowering vs Photoperiod Strains, Explained

Choose the right medical cannabis strain

Choose a strain that is good for anxiety-relief

Choose a “stinky” strain


Step 6: How to Germinate Cannabis Seeds

(skip this step if you started with clones)

If you have already a rooted clone (a live cannabis plant) please skip right to Step 7.

There are many methods for cannabis seed germination.

Personally I think one of the easiest ways to germinate a cannabis seed is to place it directly in a specialized starter cube like a Rapid Rooter.

Just keep starter cubes moist (but not soaking) and warm. Seedlings should pop in a few days to a week.

So far Rapid Rooters have given me the best germination rates of any method, almost 100%. They work with any growing medium, too – once the seedling has emerged, you can stick the cube directly into your growing medium or hydroponic system.

Learn more about germinating seeds via Rapid Rooter

Another popular way to germinate seeds is via the paper towel method.

Paper Towel Method:

You will need…

  • Cannabis seeds
  • 2 plates
  • Paper towels
  • Water
  • A place to plant sprouted seeds


Click to learn more about how to germinate marijuana seeds

NOTE:¬†If seedlings seem to be “stretching” upwards or growing very tall, usually it’s because they want more light.

Step 7: Vegetative Stage – Grow Your Plant Big and Strong

Once your plant grows the first “regular” set of leaves, it’s pretty much officially in the vegetative stage.

How long is the vegetative stage?

Young healthy cannabis plants in the vegetative stageYoung growing cannabis plants grow fastest when temps a bit warmer than a comfortable room temperature, around 70-85¬įF (20-30¬įC). But as long as it doesn’t get freezing cold or burning hot, your plants should be able to grow in a wide range of temperatures.

How often do I water my cannabis plants?

In this stage, your plant will focus ONLY on getting big and strong, like a kid before hitting puberty. Buds and flowers are not part of the plant’s vocabulary yet.

If you’re feeding your plant with additional nutrients, start athalf strength as it can be easy to burn your young cannabis plants. Bring to 3/4 strength one plant starts growing vigorously.

Only feed nutrients at full strength if plant is showing signs that it needs more nutrients (lower leaves are turning lime green, then yellow, then falling off – the first sign of a nitrogen deficiency, the most common type of deficiency if the plant is not getting enough nutrients).

At this stage, you can’t tell if one of your cannabis plants is¬† going to be a boy or a girl yet. Wait, why do I care if my plant is a boy or a girl?

Cannabis plants in the vegetative stage (vegetating plants only grow stems and leaves, no buds)


  • Give plants 18-24 hours/light a day in the vegetative stage when growing indoors.
  • If growing outdoors, try to make sure you plant gets strong, direct light for most of the day, at least from 10am-4pm, and more if possible.

The size your plant gets in this stage will have a huge impact on the final size of your plant.

How do I control how my cannabis plants grow during the vegetative stage?

Indoor growers –¬†When do I switch my plant from the vegetative stage to the flowering stage?

How can I tell when the vegging stage ends?

What do I do if I run into problems?


Step 8: Flowering Stage

This is the stage where your plants start making buds. This stage will last until harvest!

During this stage you will need to…

  • Change to 12-12 Light Schedule
  • Identify Gender of Cannabis Plants
  • Get Rid of any Males

We’re getting to the exciting part.

Most strains of cannabis begin this stage once they’re getting at least 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness a night.


  • Indoors, you must change to a 12-12 light schedule, with 12 hours of light & 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness each day (usually accomplished by putting your lights on a timer) to get your cannabis to start flowering (making buds). When should I change my light schedule to 12-12?
  • Outdoors, your weed will naturally start flowering when the days get short enough, usually a few months before winter.

The flowering stage is where your plant goes through “puberty” and basically reveals whether they are a boy or a girl.

Unfortunately, for regular seeds, half your plants will end up female and half will end up male. That’s why a lot of growers prefer starting with clones or buying feminized seeds – all the resulting plants will grow into females.

For most cannabis farmers, we’re only looking for females, as female plants are the only ones that make buds. Male plants just make pollen sacs (balls) that cannot be used for smoking.

A week or two after you initiate the 12-12 light schedule (or naturally in the wild), your plants will reveal their gender…

Female plants start growing wispy white hairs at the tops of branch joints. These are the pistils of her flowers/calyxes. You’ll get bunches of these calyxes growing on top of each other to make buds, and each calyx will have a few white hairs coming out of it. This is great news, that means this plant will eventually grow beautiful weed with buds/flowers/ganja that you can smoke.

Female cannabis pre-flowers - these wispy white hairs are pistils, the first sign that this marijuana plant is a girl

Male plants start growing balls/pollen sacs with no white hairs/pistils. Unfortunately, most male plants do not develop psychoactive properties like girls do in their flowers. Plus, male plants can pollinate (“impregnate”) your female plants and cause them to make less buds and more seeds. Therefore most serious cannabis growers choose to remove and dispose of male plants as soon as they show their balls.

Identify male cannabis plants by their balls (male pollen sacs) which grow at the "V" where the stems meet the "trunk"

Note: The sturdy green growths are not pistils, they are always there on both boy and girl plants. When looking for gender, you’re specifically looking for white wispy hairs (pistils).

Learn more: Is my plant a boy or a girl?

Ok, so you’ve gotten rid of your male plants. Your female plants will be growing more and more white hairs and before you know it, actual buds/flowers/trees are forming.

Woo hoo!

Now that you’re fully in the flowering stage, it’s best to keep temps slightly cooler, around¬†65-80¬įF (18-26¬įC) to produce buds with the best color, trichome production and smell. Learn more about what you need to do in the flowering stage to produce top-shelf buds.

It’s important to pay close attention to your cannabis plants during the Flowering stage. This is because in this stage your plant is much more likely to suffer from nutrient problems, as they’re focusing all their energy on growing buds.

Flowering cannabis plant


Step 9: Harvest Your Weed

When to Harvest Weed? Is She Ready For Harvest?

1.) Wait until your buds stop growing new, white hairs. By this point your buds should be fragrant (the whole grow room or area will likely smell strongly as cannabis), plump and ‘filled out’.

2.) Wait until at least 40% of the white hairs have changed color (darkened) and are curling in. This marks the beginning of the harvest window. Buds harvested now will have more of a speedy effect and are not at full potency.

3.) Harvest when 50-70% of the hairs have darkened for highest THC levels

4.) Harvest when 80-90% of the hairs have darkened for more a couchlock, anti-anxiety effect (some of the THC has turned into the more relaxing CBN)

The hardest part of growing cannabis for many new growers is waiting for the right time to harvest.

Some of my last Aurora Indica harvestThere are additional cannabis harvest methods which are much more precise  Рsuch as using trichomes to know when to harvest your buds.

Learn exactly when to harvest your cannabis (with tons of pictures and explanations)

I sometimes get asked how to harvest weed…¬†(i.e. cut it down from the plant)

Just get a sturdy pair of scissors and cut the plant down in the most convenient way possible. Seriously…that’s it!


Step 10: Dry and Cure Your Newly Harvested Buds

After you have cut off and trimmed all of your glittery, beautiful fat buds, you will want to hang them upside down in a cool, dark place with plenty of ventilation so that they can dry out.

Learn how to dry and cure you buds like a professional, every time

Dry buds slowly for best results, and check often for mold or overdrying. You’ve worked way too hard to lose your crop now.

Click for closeup of marijuana buds in curing jarsAfter your cannabis buds have dried (thin stems snap, but the thicker stems are still a bit bendy), it’s time to start curing them so they’re smooth, taste good, smell good, and have the best effects.

To cure your buds, put them in a tightly-closed quart-sized mason jars in a cool dark place. Fill each jar loosely about 3/4 of the way full.

For the first 2 weeks of curing, open the jars once a day for several seconds to get fresh air in your jars and release any moisture.

If your buds feel moist when you check on them, leave the tops of the jars off until the outsides of the buds feel dry to the touch. Moist buds is what causes mold!

Special products like “Boveda 62% Humidipaks” will make curing a lot easier, as they will naturally regulate the humidity in your jars.

Glitter bud in hand - click for closeup of this picture!After your cannabis has been curing for at least 2 weeks, and they haven’t felt wet every time you’ve checked the jars for at least a week, you can start opening the lid once a week instead of once a day.

Some people only cure their bud for 1-2 weeks total while other cure their bud for 30 days or more. Because you need to open the jar regularly, you can always sample some as it’s curing to get a feel for whether it’s done or not.

I personally think that cannabis tends to be more potent if you cure it for at least a month.

Curing for longer than 6 months doesn’t do anything, and cannabis can become less potent over time as THC turns to CBN. Keep your harvest in a cool, dry, airtight space for long-term storage.

Read the complete drying and curing tutorial – no more guesswork!


That’s it! 10 Simple Steps And You’ve Got Your Very First Cannabis Harvest!



About the Author: Nebula Haze

In response to the need for more tutorials aimed at new growers, Nebula co-founded GrowWeedEasy.com in 2010 with fellow grower Sirius Fourside.

Since then, Nebula has published dozens of growing articles in print and online, stars in several online video lessons, and continues to dedicate herself to serving the needs of the medical marijuana growing community.

“My mission is to show other medical marijuana patients how easy and fun it can be to grow pounds of killer weed out of your closet.”

Visit Grow Weed Easy Google+ Community


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The 5 watt LED chip-sets and lenses are cranking out some serious intensityAre you interested in…¬†LED Grow Lights?

As I mentioned earlier, I don’t believe most models of LED grow lights are suitable for first-time growers.

Unless you know someone who has experience growing with a particular model of LED light, you’ll often spend a grow or two trying to get your light model “dialed in” so you know how far away to keep the lights from your plants for best results.

But when you do know someone who has experience growing cannabis with a particular brand of LED grow lights, you know that the lights will work for growing cannabis. And if you have access to their grow notes, you’ll also know exactly how to use the LED to get the best results.

And you’ve probably heard the incredible benefits of LEDs… low electricity usage, low heat, no ballast… you just plug the LED panel directly in the wall. Fans are built right in, and so many high-quality models don’t need any additional cooling.

But which LED companies can you trust?

Some LED grow lights work¬†pretty good¬†but… the Pro-Grow panels work better than any LED grow lights I’ve seen… If you’ve somehow missed this, and if you’re interested in growing cannabsi with LEDs, you need to check out this grow journal today!

View a complete cannabis grow journal under a Pro-Grow LED and see what I mean

Huge cannabis cola grown under a 250W LED grow light - Strain is Bubblelicious

They offer many different models to suit your needs & budget…

Which Pro-Grow LED model is right for my grow space?

Matching the right lamp(s) for the space is crucial. A rough ballpark…

3’x2′ Grow Space

3’x3′ Grow Space

4’x3’+ Grow Space

As far as I know, the Pro Gro X5 series contains the first 5W chipset LED grow lights from a tried-and-tested company that uses X-lens technology for deeper penetration, and actually tests their LED lights on real cannabis plants.

If you want to see more…

Our good friend Endive over at GrowMedical420.com¬†posts tons of Youtube videos revealing his incredible results growing cannabis with the various Pro-Grow LED models…

There’s no better proof than seeing the results with your own eyes.

Click here to see a complete cannabis grow journal under a Pro-Grow LED

Quick Review of the Grow

  • Strains:
  • Grow medium: Soil in smartpots
  • Grow Light: Pro-Grow X5-300 LED panel
    • 250W power consumption in Full Spectrum mode
  • Vegetative Nutrients & Additives:
    • Hydro-Organics Earth Juice Nutrients – Grow, Bloom, Micro
    • Hygrozyme
    • Earth Juice Catalyst
  • Flowering Nutrients & Additives:
    • Hydro-Organics Earth Juice Nutrients ‚Äď Grow, Bloom
    • Meta-K
    • MicroBlast
    • Earth Juice Catalyst

Endive ran this as a ‚Äújust the basics grow‚ÄĚ, with no extra nutrients or supplements, no thinning or defoliation, and with only minimal lollipopping (removal or lower growth that is obviously not getting enough light). He did nothing more than basic LST (low stress training) and bending in mid/late veg. This was what I‚Äôd consider to be an ‚Äúaverage‚ÄĚ grow in the hands of just about anyone.

He had a few issues here & there but nothing detrimental. Space was the main item, as the plants grew exceptionally well under the Pro-Grow X5, with 3 plants it was a bit too much of a jungle. This light would be better suited to growing just 1-2 plants.

You don’t normally see yields like this with a 250W LED grow light;¬†his results are¬†much bigger than what you’d normally expect to get from a 250W MH/HPS combo!

Total Estimated Time – Seed to Harvest:
145 days (4 months, 23 days)

Final Yield
9.3 oz

See for yourself!

We Need Your Help! 

Ever wondered how you could help overgrow the world?

Interested in getting exposure while showing off your growing skills and helping other growers around the world produce bigger, more potent buds?

Do you have experience, pictures, or lessons learned that you believe will be helpful for other cannabis growers?

If so, we want to hear from you!

Nebula Haze and Sirius Fourside, founders of GrowWeedEasy.com, have dedicated their lives to building the most comprehensive, easy-to-follow cannabis growing resource in the world.

We know that the best way to get medicine into the hands of those in needs is to provide people with information that makes it easy for anyone to grow it themselves….

Click here to find out how you can help: http://growweedeasy.com/newsletter-article-submission



Jump to…

Complete Basics Guide: Learn How to Grow Cannabis

How Long Does it Take to Grow Cannabis?

Where can I safely get medical strains?

Advanced cannabis growing techniques



Wanna “steal” this article?

Here at GrowWeedEasy.com, we are dedicated to getting this information into as many hands as possible. You are welcome to republish this entire article as long as you do not edit, remove or or otherwise change any part of it without permission.

Please don’t hesitate to Contact GrowWeedEasy.com¬†with any questions.

Happy growing!


7 Tips to Growing Top-Shelf Buds

by Nebula Haze from GrowWeedEasy.com

Have you ever smoked weed that knocks your socks off? The kind of buds that people brag/warn their friends about?

Yeah, the really really good stuff.

The truth is, you can successfully grow weed with very little effort, make a ton of mistakes, and still harvest weed that does the job.

But have you ever wondered how people grow truly top-shelf buds?

If so, you’re in luck, because today I’m going to teach you 7 secrets to consistently producing star quality buds that your friends will talk about for years to come.

This strain is Girl Scout Cookies, first developed by the same breeder who created White Widow


1.)  Master the basics of growing

First you  must master the basics of growing the cannabis plantYou probably know that in order to get the best result, your plants need to make it through the majority of their lifecycle without major problems.

A lot of mistakes that won’t kill your plant (like nutrient burn, nutrient deficiencies, and heat stress) will often still damage the overall appearance of your buds, especially big problems that happen after the beginning of the flowering stage

So in order to get the best yields along with beautiful buds that sparkle in the light, you need to gain a complete understanding of the basics of growing.

It used to be that you needed to know an experienced grower to learn how to grow. These days, anyone with the will and an internet connection can find everything they need within minutes, so no excuses!

There’s lots of books and guides out there to help you out here, or check out the free basics guide on GrowWeedEasy.com. This should get you started…

The Basics: How to Grow Cannabis Indoors

When To Harvest Your Buds For Top Potency

How to Dry & Cure Your Buds Like a Professional


2.) Start with top-shelf genetics: 

You’ll never be able to get truly top-shelf buds if you start with mid-grade seeds or clones.

When I first started growing, I would grow any seeds I could find. These would usually grow all right but my crops would never end up being as good as the buds I found them in.

Start with great genetics to get great results!Plus some of these plants ended up having crazy, unexpected grow styles, like one plant that grew 4 feet tall in a month!

I then tried buying marijuana clones from the local dispensary with crazy strain names like “Super Grand Daddy Purple” and “Grapefruit Bubblegum Kush.”

Yet, my yields and results still left a lot to be desired. I don’t have anything against clones, but I have a feeling these plants weren’t really the strains they claimed to be.

I didn’t have any grower friends at the time, and honestly thought bag seed and local clones were my only two choices.

Until I discovered seed banks.

Ever since I started buying seeds from a reputable cannabis seed bank and getting my chosen seeds shipped to me, I have been able to consistently product star-quality buds.

Just switching to better seed stock caused a dramatic increase in my yields, but most importantly the quality of my harvests skyrocketed.

If you want to take your quality to the next level, don’t start with just any clones or seeds. Search for the right, true quality genetics and don’t be afraid to pay good money for those genetics! The money you pay for quality is worth it, especially if you truly want to grow¬†Top Shelf¬†buds.

Where can I buy top-shelf genetics?

3.) Get Your Humidity Right

Humidity stumps a lot of new growers and causes several unexpected problems.

Keeping a higher humidity during the vegetative stage will reduce salt levels within the plant while encouraging healthy and lush growth.

During the vegetative stage, if humidity drops below 40%, especially anywhere below 25%, it can cause serious problems that look like nutrient deficiencies light/heat stress!

But in these cases, just adding a little moisture to the air does wonders, even if you don’t change anything else.

During the flowering stage, your cannabis plant actually prefers less humidity!

Drier air during the flowering stage helps prevent mold and actually increase trichome production on your buds! For best results, keep humidity below 45% during the flowering stage.

But I’ve never worried about humidity and my plants are fine…

The truth is, you¬†can¬†successfully grow your marijuana plants in a variety of humidities, even if growth isn’t perfect, which is why many growers, especially new ones, forget about humidity altogether.

They may spend money on CO2 or bigger lights, when controlling the humidity would make a much bigger difference in their final product.

So, if you grow marijuana and would like to make a simple, relatively cheap change and dramatically improve the vibrancy of your plants, buy a humidifier/dehumidifier and make sure to always provide the optimum level.

Learn how to master your humidity levels like a Pro!

Water droplets on cannabis leaves is a sign of high humidity

And there’s one more insider trick you need to know about humidity:¬†So you know you need to keep humidity in 50-60% range for the vegetative stage, and under 45% for the flowering stage, but there is one extra trick… Use a dehumidifier to drop the humidity down as low as you possibly can for the last 2-3 weeks of flowering (I’ve gotten the humidity as low as 34%).

This extreme dryness will encourage the buds to seal and protect themselves with additional resin (in other words, a sparkling outer layer of THC-heavy trichromes).

After I first tried this trick, I was pretty amazed at the frostiness of my buds.

Added bonus: This gets your buds prepped for a successful, mold-free drying process because your buds have already given up some of their moisture.


4.) Better Taste, Better Smell – Increase Terpene Content

The smell and scent of cannabis buds is produced by plant chemicals known as “terpenes” (also “terpenoids”, which are a class of terpenes).

Terpenes contributes to the flavors of many household spices like cinnamon, rosemary, cloves or ginger and help create the the scent of most flowers.

The unique combination of terpenes and terpenoids produced in cannabis flowers (buds) cause most of their taste and smell as well.

There are a variety of ways to increase the terpene content of your buds, so you produce cannabis that tastes and smells great, and there are also a couple common mistakes you should know about that can actually ruin the taste and smell of your buds.

Learn how to increase terpene content so buds smell amazing

Professional-quality cannabis buds look, taste and smell great

5.) Maintain a Comfortable Room Temperature

This cannabis bud may not have turned purple if it wasn't subjected to cold temps at night - it still would have been just as potent, though!Maintain daytime temperatures around 70-80 degrees F, (unless you’re using CO2 which does best at around 80-90 degrees F).

However, even if you’re using CO2, most growers recommend you back off and bring the temps down to 70-80 degrees F for the last two weeks before harvest.

Night temperatures should be kept around 60 degrees for most strains.

Towards the end of the flowering stage, some people recommend dropping the temperature at night to 50 degrees to further simulate the coming of “winter”.

Note: Some purple strains will only show their color when exposed to colder temps at nights during the flowering stage.

Learn How to Control Temperature

6.)  Make Sure Grow Room has Strong Air Flow & Good Ventilation

This is yet another factor having to do with air quality (we already listed temperature and humidity).

You see, a smart grower realizes that great air quality is one of the biggest contributors to star quality buds.

Air flow and ventilation are essential if you want to create perfect air quality.

For 1-3 plants, you’ll probably be fine with an oscillating fan or two. With a big grow and hot lights, you’ll need a better exhaust system than that, but it can be easy to set up!

Learn how to set up a professional exhaust system (it may cost less than you think!)

Learn how to set up a professional Exhaust System

7) Keep Educating Yourself

Never accept that you already know it all.

To the grower, knowledge and information are priceless. Being open to learn will make you an expert grower much quicker than figuring everything out yourself by trial and error.

Luckily, these days, anyone can use the internet to learn everything they need to know to start growing top-quality buds.

Sites like GrowWeedEasy.com make it easy for anyone to learn how to grow.

But top shelf growers continue to educate themselves about horticulture, proper environment, and what makes marijuana plants happy.

You never know when you’ll hear a tip that completely makes your life a million times easier, or which helps you take your quality to the next level.

And don’t forget to sign up for our weekly growing email newsletter (on the right-hand side of the page) to get tips and growing information delivered to your email inbox every Sunday morning!

To Sum it Up:

Start with good genetics and create the perfect growing environment to produce the best buds!


Grow top-shelf cannabis buds with these 7 tips!


Wait! What about Carbon Dioxide (CO2) – Is It Worth It?

A lot of people write to me and ask if adding CO2 to their grow area will increase the quality of your buds.

And so today I want to clear things up. CO2 is something you can add to the air of your grow room to increase yields, not quality.

CO2 - is it worth it for your cannabis grow room?Adding CO2 is most effective when you are using bright, high-powered lights (such as an 1000W HPS) that give off more light than your plants can naturally use.

You see, adding more and more lights will increase your yields up to a certain point, but then your plant just stops responding to more light. At this point, no matter how much light you add, your yields stay the same or get worse.

Because of a unique plant process, adding CO2 to the air makes it so that your plants can use more of the light, which can increase your overall yields.

Another advantage is that marijuana plants will thrive at higher temps when there’s lots of CO2 in the air.

In my experience, buying CO2 is¬†not¬†the cheapest way to increase your yields, unless you have a blinding, monster light system. That’s why for many small-scale growers, adding CO2 is a waste of money that could be better used in other ways.

My advice: Upgrade your lights to at least a 1000W HPS and get a real exhaust system to pull away heat before you think about adding CO2.


Ready? Learn how to Master CO2 Levels in Your Grow Room



About Nebula Haze

Nebula Haze founded GrowWeedEasy.com in 2010 after growing her own medical marijuana for several years in the California Bay Area. She has published dozens of growing articles in print and online and is dedicated to showing others how easy it is to grow cannabis indoors.

If you haven’t started growing cannabis yet, today is the day!

Learn the Basics of Growing: http://www.growweedeasy.com/basics

How Long Does It Take To Grow Cannabis? Find out here: http://www.growweedeasy.com/how-long-does-it-take-to-grow-weed

If you¬†run into any problems while you’re growing marijuana, you don’t have to figure everything out alone… Use our handy Plant Doctor tool to get diagnosed immediately by the Grow Weed Easy virtual plant doctor:¬†http://growweedeasy.com/cannabis-symptoms-pictures



Wanna “steal” this article?

Here at GrowWeedEasy.com, we are dedicated to getting this information into as many hands as possible. You are welcome to republish this entire article as long as you do not edit, remove or or otherwise change any part of it without permission.

Please don’t hesitate to¬†Contact GrowWeedEasy.com¬†with any questions.

Happy growing!

Conflicting Michigan, federal marijuana laws may cast cloud of confusion

Michigan allows registered people to use, grow and sell marijuana for medicinal purposes, but the drug is still illegal under federal law.

Educate yourself on the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act, even if you are already a patient or caregiver!

Here’s a video from Fox News titled “Medical Marijuana: Going Inside the Law”

Simple DIY DWC System

This is a simple DIY DWC (deep water culture) system. In this post we will walk you through a step by step tutorial on how to make your own DWC grow bucket.

Always remember safety first! So basically if you’re clumsy with a knife, don’t try to make this project. You can seriously cut yourself bad!


  • Box Cutter
  • Ruler
  • Marker
  • Drill with 1/4″ bit
  • Silicone


  • 5 gal. Bucket
  • 6″ Mesh Basket
  • Clay Pellets
  • Air Pump
  • Air Stone
  • Air Hose

Step 1.) Take the lid to the bucket and place it on the ground top side up.

Step 2.) Place the mesh basket upside down in the center of the lid to the 5 gal. bucket.

Note: Use the ruler to make sure the basket is centered.

Step 3.) Use the marker and trace a circle completely around the mesh basket.

Step 4.) Flip the mesh basket over and center the bottom of the basket in between the circle you made in step 3.

Step 5.) Use the marker and trace another circle, using the bottom of the mesh basket.

Step 6.) Use your box cutter to cut out the center circle(the smaller one that you just made).

Step 7.) Use your box cutter to make tabs in the center of the lid. To do this, just cut straight lines from the edge of the new hole, to the line from the first/remaining circle. Cut the lines about an inch apart. Bend the tabs down towards the inside.

Step 8.) On your 5 gal. Bucket, drill a hole in between the top lip and the rim that holds the handle.

Step 9.) Set the air stone in the bottom of the bucket. Run your air line through the hole you drilled. Make sure you can connect the line to the air stone.

Step 10.) Use the silicone to seal the OUTSIDE of the hole with the air line. Once it dries you can connect the air pump.

Step 11.) Rinse the clay pellets off then put them in your mesh basket. Put your lid on the bucket and place the mesh basket inside the hole.


So that’s it folks! A simple DIY DWC bucket that you can improve on. We will be writing a detailed article on how to properly use DWC, but if you can’t wait, go study!

Feel free to share this and keep growing!